Iraq has long been regarded as the nation with more archeological and historical sites than any country in the world. It is easy to conceive this, as it was the cradle of civilization. The Kurdistan Region of Iraq is home to many of these sites. Its capital Erbil is the oldest "continuously inhabited" city in the world and the world’s oldest known bridge and aqueduct ruin is Jirwana less than an hour from Erbil. One of most important Neanderthal sites is Shanidar Cave where discoveries in the 50’s changed the scientific view of these ancient ancestors. There are numerous biblical sites including 3rd Century Monasteries and the tombs of Old Testament prophets such as Nahum.
The importance of the region’s historic significance has only recently been revealed as prior to 2008 there had been no significant investigation of the regions known “tells” (man made hills indicating the remains of ancient civilizations). Now that Kurdistan has become an autonomous region with a democratically elected government intent on discovering and preserving its heritage there has been one significant find after another such as those detailed in the following press releases.
For details of current digs: